Bipolar disorder: all about this brain disease, also called manic depression

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Bipolar Disorder | Symptoms and Treatment

Bipolar disorder is a brain condition from which an individual suffers mentally. It directly affects a person’s mood, thinking ability, energy and behavior. Most people with bipolar disorder go through two moods, one is mania and the other is depression. It is widely accepted that people over the age of 25, teenagers and children are more likely to have bipolar disorder. The disease can be diagnosed through an interview, physical exam, or lab test. Let’s discuss its causes, symptoms, types and treatment in detail:


There isn’t one solid factor that causes bipolar disorder, but a few, including:

Stress: A manic or depressive episode can be triggered by a stressful incident such as a death in the family, illness, divorce, etc. Thus, a person suffering from stress can develop this disease.

Genetic: It is believed that the chances of developing bipolar disorder are increased if a child’s parents or siblings have the disorder. But this is not true as there are studies that indicate that a child from a family with a history of bipolar disorder may never suffer from the problem.

Structure and function of the brain: Researchers have identified that there is a subtle difference in the average brain size of a human with bipolar disorder compared to a normal mind.


Bipolar I Disorder: People with bipolar disorder go through both mania and depression. In such cases, depression cannot be diagnosed. While the treatment for mania takes at least seven days to be diagnosed or in the case of severe manic issues, a person must be hospitalized.

Bipolar II Disorder: In this case, people experience depressive episodes of hypomania, but never a “complete” manic episode.

Cyclothymic disorder: It causes a chronically unstable mood state in which people suffer from hypomania and mild depression for at least two years.

Bipolar disorder not otherwise specified: “Other specified condition” or “unspecified” occurs when a person does not meet the criteria for bipolar I, II, or cyclothymia, but still experiences a significant abnormal elevation in mood.


  • A person with bipolar problems has two types of problems, mania and depression, which develop over time without hinting at any symptoms. But, a person with severe bipolar disorder experiences hallucinations or delusions that speak to a person’s extreme mood.
  • A person diagnosed as manic experiences at least one episode of mania or hypomania in which they exhibit different moods such as irritability, unpredictable behavior, suicidal thoughts, and impaired judgment. They are not aware of their actions and their consequences. People with hypomania have milder symptoms as this does not include psychotic episodes. They act well at social gatherings and other events. People who face mania and hypomania in their lives often face problems, while some may rarely experience them.
  • While a person diagnosed with depression faces many more problems. As it weakens them and they even have trouble getting out of bed. This creates problems in the normal sleep cycle as the person cannot sleep properly. This also poses a problem in decision making. They may become obsessed with feelings of loss, personal failure and helplessness or this negative thinking may lead to suicidal thoughts.


  • If a person does not receive proper treatment at first, there is a chance that the case will get worse. Usually, physiotherapy, medications and a healthy lifestyle can help deal with this dysfunction.
  • Psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and family-centered therapy, can help resolve the problem.
  • Medications, such as mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and antidepressants can also help.
  • Self-management strategies, such as education and recognition of the first symptoms of an episode, play a good role in controlling this disease.

Disclaimer: The tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general informational purposes only and should not be considered professional medical advice. Please consult a physician before beginning any fitness regime or seek medical advice.

About Margie Peters

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