With many teens returning to school, peer pressure and academic expectations are once again a reality. These added pressures can cause ups and downs during what can be an already tumultuous time in life. For some teens, however, depressions are more than just temporary feelings. These are symptoms of depression.
Depression in adolescents is a serious mental health problem. It affects the way teens think, feel and behave, and can cause emotional, functional and physical problems. Although depression can occur at any time in life, symptoms can differ between adolescents and adults.
Signs and symptoms that a teenager may be depressed include a change in their previous attitude and behavior that can cause distress and significant problems at school or at home, in social activities, or in other areas of life. life.
These signs and symptoms can include:
– Feelings of sadness, which may include crying spells for no apparent reason.
– Frustration or feelings of anger, even over small things.
– Feeling hopeless or empty.
– Irritability or upset mood.
– Loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities.
– Loss of interest or conflict with family and friends.
– Low self-esteem.
– Feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
– Fixation on past failures, or exaggerated self-accusation or self-criticism.
– Extreme sensitivity to rejection or failure, and the need to be over-reassured.
– Difficulty thinking, concentrating, making decisions and remembering things.
– The continuous feeling that life and the future are dark and gloomy.
– Frequent thoughts of death, death or suicide.
Treatment depends on the type and severity of depression symptoms in a teenager. A combination of talking therapy and medication can be effective for most teens with depression. If a teen has severe depression or is at risk for self-harm, they may need to be hospitalized or participate in an outpatient treatment program until symptoms improve.
Although antidepressants are often effective in treating depression and anxiety in children and adolescents, their use in children and adolescents should be carefully monitored, as there may rarely be serious side effects. Antidepressants carry a Food and Drug Administration black box warning of an increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior in some people under 25.
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